old man sitting

Why Should Senior Citizens Perform Balance Exercises?

As we age, our bodies go through various changes that affect our balance and stability. As a result, falls become more common, leading to injuries and even hospitalization. According to the National Council on Aging, one in four Americans aged 65 and older fall each year. To reduce the risk of falls and improve body control, senior citizens must perform balance exercises. In this blog post, we will discuss the benefits of balance exercises and why they are essential for seniors.

Reduce the risk of falls

caregiver helping a senior

One of the significant benefits of balance exercises is that they help reduce the risk of falls. Falls are one of the leading causes of injuries in seniors, leading to fractures, head injuries, and dislocations. Balance exercises help improve body control, making it easier to navigate obstacles and maintain balance. By performing balance exercises, seniors will not only reduce their risk of falls and related injuries, but they’ll also enhance their confidence levels, allowing them to enjoy a higher quality of life.

Improve Muscle Strength

Senior man walking in a forest

Balance exercises help build muscle strength, particularly in the lower body. Strong muscles help seniors maintain proper posture and stability, reducing the risk of falls. Building muscle strength through exercises such as leg lifts, squats, and lunges allows seniors to perform everyday activities such as walking, climbing stairs, and carrying groceries with ease.

Enhance Flexibility

balance exercise

Balance exercises also help seniors improve their flexibility. Increased flexibility makes it easier to move around without stiffness and pain. Stretching is an excellent way to improve flexibility. Incorporating yoga or tai chi into your workout routine improves balance and helps increase flexibility.

Enhance Coordination

Coordination is essential as it helps seniors perform multiple tasks simultaneously, such as driving or picking up an object while walking. Exercises like heel-to-toe walking, standing on one foot, and side leg raises can help seniors improve their coordination. Improved coordination makes it easier for seniors to carry out everyday activities efficiently.

Improve Cognitive Function

Research shows that exercise can improve cognitive function. Performing balance exercises stimulates the vestibular system, enhancing cognitive function. This improvement in cognitive function contributes to better reaction times and processing speeds, enabling seniors to react faster to prevent falls, and make quick decisions in daily life.

10 Balance Exercises To Get You Started

  1. Leg Lifts: This simple exercise can be done while standing or sitting. The aim is to lift one leg off the ground and hold the position for a few seconds before switching to the other leg.
  2. Heel-To-Toe Walk: Just like walking on a tightrope, this exercise improves balance and coordination. Seniors should place the heel of one foot just in front of the toes of the other foot, each time shifting their weight forward.
  3. Chair Squats: Squats are a good exercise for building strength in the lower body. Using a chair for support, seniors can practice standing up and sitting down without using their hands.
  4. Side Leg Raises: While standing behind a chair for support, seniors can lift one leg to the side and then bring it back down. This helps improve balance and strengthens the hips.
  5. Wall Push-Ups: This exercise strengthens the upper body and improves balance. Seniors can stand at an arm’s length from a wall, place their hands on the wall, and then push their body towards and away from the wall.
  6. Back Leg Raises: These exercises can be performed while standing behind a chair for support. Seniors can lift their back leg straight behind without bending their knees, hold for a few seconds, and then lower it.
  7. Standing March: While holding onto a chair for support, seniors can lift their knees high, like marching in place. This helps improve balance and strengthens the core muscles.
  8. Heel Stands: Seniors can stand behind a chair and lift their heels off the ground, standing on their toes. This exercise helps in strengthening the ankles and improving balance.
  9. Toe Stands: Similar to heel stands, seniors stand behind a chair and raise their toes, keeping their heels on the ground. This increases flexibility and strength in the foot muscles.
  10. Single Limb Stance: This involves standing on one leg, using a chair for support. This exercise improves balance, coordination, and leg strength. The aim is to maintain the stance for an extended period.

You can find a ton of great exercises for free on YouTube. Start here if you want to take a look now.


As we grow older, our balance, stability, and overall coordination become impaired. This can lead to falls, injuries, and reduced quality of life. Therefore, it is essential for seniors to maintain an active lifestyle and perform balance exercises regularly. Balance exercises such as leg lifts, heel-to-toe walking, and yoga can help seniors reduce the risk of falls, improve muscle strength, enhance flexibility, coordination, and cognitive function. By incorporating balance exercises into their daily routine, seniors can improve their overall well-being and enjoy a higher quality of life.

About the author

Tim Brewer

Tim is a professional caregiver who has helped hundreds of seniors gain back their freedom and independence. He has been actively helping the senior community for 20+ years.

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