foot exercises for seniors

Keep Active and Mobile with These Foot Exercises for Seniors

As we age, our feet go through changes that can increase the risk of injuries and mobility issues. Stiffening of joints, arthritis, and reduced circulation are just some of the challenges that seniors face. However, foot exercises can help to improve flexibility, strengthen muscles, and reduce pain. With regular practice, seniors can keep their feet healthy, maintain their balance, and enjoy a better quality of life. In this blog post, we will present some simple yet effective foot exercises that seniors can do at home or in assisted living facilities.

Foot Exercises We Recommend

senior exercising outside

Toe Curls: This exercise strengthens the muscles at the sole of the foot. Sit in a chair with your feet flat on the floor, then raise your toes as high as you can while keeping your heels on the ground. Hold for 5-10 seconds, then release. Repeat 10-15 times.

Toe Squeezes: This exercise works the muscles on the top of the foot. Sit in a chair with your feet flat on the floor and place a small towel or cloth under your toes. Curl your toes to grip the cloth and hold for 5-10 seconds, then release. Repeat 10-15 times.

Ankle Circles: This exercise improves the range of motion of the ankle joint. Sit in a chair with your feet flat on the floor, then lift one foot and rotate it in a circle, 10-15 times in one direction, then 10-15 times in the other direction. Repeat with the other foot.

Heel Raises: This exercise strengthens the calf muscles. Stand behind a chair or a stable surface and hold onto it for support. Rise up onto your toes, then lower your heels back down. Repeat 10-15 times.

Foot Flexes: This exercise stretches the muscles on the top of the foot and promotes circulation. Sit in a chair with your feet flat on the floor, then lift one foot and flex it as if trying to point your toes towards your shin. Hold for 5-10 seconds, then release. Repeat with the other foot.

What Else Can Help Your Feet?

Maintaining a Healthy Diet: Nutrition plays a pivotal role in foot health. A diet rich in calcium and vitamin D supports bone strength, while foods high in anti-inflammatory properties like omega-3 fatty acids can help alleviate symptoms of arthritis.

Regular Check-ups: Regularly visiting a podiatrist can help identify issues early before they turn into major problems. These professionals can also provide personalized advice and treatment plans for foot health.

Wearing the Right Footwear: Shoes that are comfortable and provide good support are essential for maintaining foot health as you age. When buying shoes, ensure they have a wide toe box, good arch support, and cushioning.

Foot Hygiene: Keeping feet clean and dry helps prevent common foot problems such as athlete’s foot and fungal nail infections. Also, moisturizing feet regularly can prevent cracking and dryness.

Avoiding Smoking: Smoking can decrease blood circulation, which could lead to various foot issues. If you are a smoker, consider quitting to improve overall health, including foot health.

Weight Management: Excess weight puts additional pressure on your feet which can cause foot problems. Maintaining a healthy weight can help to avoid these problems. Regular exercises and a balanced diet can help manage weight effectively.

Elevating Feet: When sitting or lying down, try to elevate your feet. This can help decrease swelling and improve blood circulation.


Maintaining foot health is crucial for seniors to stay active and mobile. Through simple exercises that target the feet and ankles, they can reduce the risk of falls and injuries, improve circulation, and relieve pain. These exercises can be done anywhere, anytime, without the need for special equipment or a gym membership. Seniors can also benefit from stretching routines, massages, and using supportive footwear. Care providers can encourage their patients or clients to include foot exercises in their daily routine and monitor their progress. By taking care of their feet, seniors can enjoy a better quality of life and stay independent for longer.

About the author

Tim Brewer

Tim is a professional caregiver who has helped hundreds of seniors gain back their freedom and independence. He has been actively helping the senior community for 20+ years.

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